Information science

From Academic Kids

Information Science or Informatics is the science of information. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science and information technology and is related to database, ontology and software engineering.

Information science is primarily concerned with the structure, creation, management, storage, retrieval, dissemination and transfer of information. Information science also includes studying the application of information in organizations, on its usage and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. Within information science attention has been given in recent years to human computer interaction (HCI) and to the ways people generate, use and find information.

Two definitions of Informatics taught in an introductory class at Indiana University Bloomington are "The Art, Science and Human Dimensions of IT" and "The study, application, and social consequences of technology." While an alternative definition of Informatics, given at the School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh as "The study of the structure, behaviour, and interactions of natural and engineered computational systems.", is more widely use in the United Kingdom. It studies the representation, processing, and communication of information in a system, including all computational, cognitive and social aspects. The central notion is the transformation of information - whether by computation or communication, whether by organisms or artifacts. In this sense, it is more or less a merge of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computing science, and related fields.

Informatics focuses on understanding problems and then applying information (and other) technology as needed. In other words, it tackles the problem first rather than technology first, as has been too often done in many areas, such as business and scientific research.

A note on international terminology

The words informatique (French), Informatik (German), and informatica (Italian), among others, do not mean the same as the English informatics. Rather, they are much closer to computer science.

See also

External links

ar:علم الحاسبات bg:Информатика ca:Informtica da:Datalogi de:Informatik el:Πληροφορική eo:Komputiko es:Informtica/Computacin et:Informaatika fr:Informatique fy:Ynformatika hr:Računarstvo hu:Szmtstechnika ia:Informatica id:Ilmu Komputer it:Informatica ja:情報工学 ko:컴퓨터 과학 ml:കംപ്യുട്ടര്‍ശാസ്ത്രം nl:Informatica no:Informatikk pl:Informatyka pt:Cincia da informao ro:Informatică ru:Информатика simple:Computer Science sk:Informatika sl:Računalništvo sr:Рачунарство sv:Datavetenskap tl:Agham pangkompyuter th:วิทยาการคอมพิวเตอร์ vi:Tin học tr:Bilişim Bilimi uk:Інформатика zh-cn:计算机科学 zh-tw:計算機科學


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